However, wind power, a carbon-free, ubiquitous and completely free green energy source, faces power limitations due to variability in wind exposure and limited expensive energy storage solutions. ..
Despite the geographical diversity of regional wind power plants that compensate for fluctuations in facility capacity, wind power remains for the foreseeable future. Adjust energy to meet your needsIn addition to nuclear power capacity and other renewable energy sources.
The energy performance of wind power generation is not limited to wind power. Power grid(RTE) This depends on several solutions:
- An integrated platform for wind and solar power (IPES). It regulates power distribution by forecasting demand for three days.
- the smart grid This depends on the flow of information between producers, suppliers and consumers.
- Storage technology that absorbs surplus electricity and releases it in the shortest production time.
Beyond the technical limits of power production capacity (blade dimensions, wind power, energy storage), onshore wind is facing its expansion. Barriers to regulation and population acceptance..
Installation of onshore wind turbines is a set of criteria, including distance from residential areas (> 500 meters), noise generation (<35 db), and distance from military facilities (radar jamming) set by the 2010 ICPE legislation. Must be compliant. Or aviation overflight.
“Wind power plants banned for operationStrong visual impact” When “Saturation effect“”
On February 16, 2022, the Nantes Administrative Court revoked the permit to operate a wind farm already built in Noir Musica (Morbian).Excessive inconvenience“For the protection of the landscape and the neighborhood. Three 180-meter-high wind turbine parks have recently been”Strong visual impact“For 20 adjacent dwellings at a distance of 500 to 600 meters. The decision is also”Saturation effect“It is related to the existence of six other wind farms a few kilometers away. The wind farms have already been built.
For pre-construction approval, above 50 meters in height, wind turbines need to be subject to public and impact investigations. Since the Climate and Resilience Act of August 22, 2021 Citizens’ meeting on climateBefore a new wind turbine installation project in the municipality, public consultation needs to be conducted. It is within the framework of regional planning for development, sustainable development, territorial equality and regional planning for connectivity to renewable energy networks. Since the enforcement of this law, the mayor has been able to convey their views to the project leaders, but previously by the order of January 26, 2017, only the initiative to approve the project under ICPE is the head of the department. Was entrusted to.
More recently, the Act on Differentiation, Decentralization and Decentralization, known as the “3DS” on February 21, 2022, has played the role of the mayor by incorporating the construction of wind turbines into the framework of the Local City Planning (PLU). Is strengthening.
These recent legislative measures are aimed at responding to certain hostilities of residents and political parties against the construction of new parks and the existence of existing parks.
Recommendations for better acceptability of onshore wind deployments
Includes the goal of doubling the electricity capacity of wind farms from 2023 (from 13,470 MW in 2017 to 26,000 MW in 2023) to comply with the development plan set in PPE 2019-2028. ..
- Mandatory material recycling by 2023 Wind turbine components being dismantled.
- Generalize the principle of complete excavation of the foundation of a wind farm being demolished and increase the amount of financial guarantee to take into account new technologies.
- Balance wind energy development at the national level To avoid the risk of saturation.
- Reuse the wind farm site at the end of life to relocate more efficient machines.
Thanks to the more efficient latest generation of wind turbines (so-called “canvas” wind turbines), PPE will reach 20% by further focusing on onshore wind power to renew equipment at the end of life. Aiming to reach the goal Power production from wind power in 2050. In total, onshore wind farms will need to install 14,500 masts across the country, including 6,500 new masts.