What do candidates suggest to the train?

Most suitors intend to emphasize the railroad through strong investment. However, the subjects of competition, economic models and the situation of SNCF are divided.

Ecosystem transitions are central to the presidential election candidate program. And for many, acting on transport, in addition to a combination of new technologies, is one of the primary means of accelerating this transition. But what exactly are the candidates proposing?

Invest in the network

Excellent means of transportation (even if many diesel trains are still circulating on the network), railroads are almost all candidates who want to set up a large investment in the network by relying on the suggestions of the Senate report. Arouses the interest of others. That of the regulatory agency.

For simple purposes: To increase the modal shift from car to train.

Candidate representatives also developed proposals during discussions hosted by the think tank TDIE (Transportation, Development, Mutual Modality, Environment).

Therefore, it is necessary to invest in the network and accelerate and execute it on a much larger scale than the performance contract of SNCF with an envelope of 2.8 billion euros. This will result in excessive bidding between candidates.

Valérie Pécresse is the most economical and proposes to add € 700 million annually to the contract. On the side of Anne Hidalgo, we are discussing an additional $ 1 billion, mainly on secondary lines, night trains and rail freight. Fabien Roussel estimates that it will have to spend € 5 billion annually.

For a Jean-Luc Mélenchon spokesperson, that’s 6 billion euros, and Yannick Jadot estimates that a total of 4 billion euros will need to be invested annually …

Finally, a spokesperson for presidential candidate Emmanuel Macron did not provide a quantified purpose, explaining that these investments need to be “continued and expanded.”

lines

If the government stops the “all TGV” approach to focus on the “daily line”, some candidates want to go further.

Jean-Luc Mélenchon said, “We are planning to ban the closure of the line and will resume the link for thousands of kilometers in the next 10 years. Eventually, all the prefectures and sub-prefectures of France will be operated by rail. “.

“TGV isn’t the only mode of long-distance travel. Even if TGV is in operation, we’ll show you the classic Antercite trains and night trains with long-distance connections, with attractive fixed-price optional bookings.” Can his program.

Anne Hidalgo even wants to keep a small line and develop offers at the timing of the timetable, thanks to the new economic model. Socialist candidates also promise to create 15 new night trains. We want to double our cargo investment by 2030.

Environmental candidate Yannick Jadot wants to cancel major rail projects such as Lyon-Turin, Grand Paris Express (Jean-Luc Melenchon, etc.), Rhone-Rhone Express Line, LGV Bordeaux-Toulouse, Bordeaux-Dax border, etc. .. Spanish.

“Opening a new line for the Territorial Balance Train (TET) and investing in the regularity and timing of all local networks. The emergence of collaborative players developing on long-term abandoned lines by public authorities. You can read the Program of Environmental Candidates to help strengthen the railway network throughout the region.

Valerie Pécrès proposes “Major Transport Investment Plans: Building New TGV Links, Regional Routes” and Simplifying Laws Allowing Cancellation of Major Rail Transport Projects.

competition

Rail Regulatory Authority (ART) believes that the start of rail competition in France is too late and too complicated. It discourages new operators. And in fact, to date, SNCF’s only competitor is Trenitalia, which operates on highways in France.

There are pros and cons among the candidates.

In his program, Jean-Luc Melenchon proposes the nationalization of SNCF, the creation of a “public pole of transport and movement”, and the end of freight competition as well as passenger connections.

The same is true for Fabien Roussel, who begs for SNCF to return to SNCF.

On the contrary, Valerie Pécrès wants to accelerate his openness to competition and believes that tolls (the amount the operator pays to SNCF Reso to use the truck) need to be reduced to promote it. increase.

For Anne Hidalgo, competition can be positive, but you shouldn’t just focus on the most profitable lines.

cost

Fabien Roussel wants a 30% price cut and better compensation for employers’ transportation costs to the workplace. French Communist Party candidates also want free urban public transport and TER.

Marine Le Pen suggests freeing trains aged 18-25 during off-peak hours, especially to make it easier for students to get home and avoid isolation.

Jean-Luc Mélenchon wants to make city public transport free for the unemployed and low-income people under the age of 25 on cities, TERs and local buses.

LFI candidates also want to set up a single ticket system that “in the Swiss model, allows a single SNCF trunk ticket to travel free of charge on public transport in the destination city.”

society

In their report, Senators believe that SNCF is being squeezed by the size of its workforce and are calling for “courageous action.” These staff reductions need to be done through network modernization, especially generalized automation of switches, in maintenance workshops where the number of employees is “extra large”.

None of the candidates have commented on the headcount reductions that must be implemented on this very delicate point …

Deadlock for some candidates

Eric Zemmour does not make any specific suggestions in his program, but “SNCF’s budgetary priorities by identifying routes to modernize and supporting train opening policies” is local. I emphasize that I want to make it a train line.

There are no dedicated suggestions for the Natalie Alteau, Philippe Poutou and Jean Lassalle programs.

Curiously, the candidate Emmanuel Macron’s program has not (yet) made any suggestions in the field of transportation. However, Eysée’s tenant recalls that his government focused on “reopened” small lines and night trains. He also recalls putting an end to the special pension system for railroad workers for new entrants.

Olivier Chicheportiche Journalist BFM Business